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Cross Stitch

Historical Facts

a part of “Cross Stitch”, a fictional universe by fivehours.

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Historical Facts

Tips: 0.00 INK Postby fivehours on Thu Oct 22, 2015 12:16 pm

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H I S T O R Y


      Because historical accuracy really pleases the GM of this roleplay, basic information of Scottish life in the 18th century will be included in this thread. All important pieces of information will be provided by the resident history buff Crystal, and will be available to those who are interested.
      Ex. Cloud

      "In the 18th century, the majority of people in Scotland lived in the countryside of the Highlands and made their living from farming. Owning land was the main form of wealth, hence political power and influence was held in the hands of rich landowners. The 18th century is also often described as Scotland's 'Golden Age'."
      -VisitScotland


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Food, Clothing, and Leisure

Tips: 0.00 INK Postby fivehours on Sun Oct 25, 2015 1:34 am

F O O D

      "Halls of the great men of the realm were packed with venison, boar, various fowl and songbirds, and expensive spices including cloves and cinnamon. In spite of the improvements in farming, food remained rather plain and monotonous for ordinary people, consisting of mainly bread, oat bannock, porridge, meal soups and potato. Meat was an expensive commodity and consumed rarely. Farmers grew crops at subsistence level, and raised black cattle, making butter or 'crowdie', a type of creamy cheese from their milk.

      Due to the mobile nature of Scottish society in the past, food was required not to spoil quickly. Commonly, men would carry a small bag of oatmeal that could be quickly transformed into a basic porridge or oatcake."



C L O T H I N G

      "Tartan and plain cloth were woven locally. Belted plaids or féiladh-mor were classic clothing of Scottish Highlanders. Traditionally made of one piece of a thick, wool cloth which is known as 'breacan', they were usually about 5ft wide and could be up to 21ft long. Adorned in tartan design, the cloth could be gathered at the waist to form a kilt, leaving the remainder to be swung over the shoulder to form a warm wrap.

      Basic elements of men's Scottish costume still include the Leine (a shirt like that worn in the rest of Europe at this time, which did NOT lace up the front in fantasy pirate shirt fashion), the Plaid (previously might have been called a 'brat', or cloak; this word has changed in modern Gaelic to mean a rug or carpet), Trews, a jacket, and shoes. They also wore knee-breeches like the ones worn in the Lowlands or in England. Women are not well-portrayed in Scottish art until the end of the 1700s, but it should be assumed based on what little evidence there is that they were wearing what most country women were wearing in the British Isles: a shift (also called a 'sark' -- the term 'chemise' isn't used for this basic undergarment until the 1800s) similar in cut and construction to those worn in the rest of the British Isles, several petticoats (skirts), the arisaid (woman's form of the plaid), stays, and a jacket or bedgown, as well as a head-covering known as a kertch if she were married."

[Reference Outfits]
Women: 1| 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
Men: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5



L E I S U R E

      "Singing, storytelling and dancing were common forms of entertainment, especially when fuelled by whisky, Scotland's national drink.

      Traditional games such as chess, drafts and board games remained popular amongst the well-off, including card games and gambling. Horse racing, which was carried on for centuries, became a professional sport, and country sports including gaming and fishing were widely enjoyed.

      Cruel sports like cock-fighting was another favourite past-time, while public executions also drew large crowds."



[http://www.visitscotland.com/en-ca/about/history/18th-century
http://www.marariley.net/celtic/scotland.htm]

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The Rebellion, Social Structure, and the Clan System

Tips: 0.00 INK Postby fivehours on Mon Oct 26, 2015 2:22 pm

J A C O B I T E
U P R I S I N G


      "King James VI of Scotland ascended the throne of England in 1603 as James I, ‘King of Great Britain’. For the first time the fiery and independent Scotland was united with its southern neighbour via the monarchy, yet they remained independent kingdoms with their own parliaments, legal and religious systems. In 1707 the Union of Scotland and England occurred. Through the terms of the Act of Union the Scottish parliament was abolished and England and Scotland were joined as the one kingdom of Great Britain, yet as before Scotland retained its religious and legal independence. The last Jacobite uprising occurred in 1745 and with the defeat of Bonnie Prince Charlie an end was put to the movement to try to return the Stuarts – the one time kings of Scotland – to the throne. Almost all Scots were now firmly under the Hanoverian banner and they gradually became active citizens of Great Britain."



S O C I A L
S T R U C T U R E


      "The Scots of the 17th and 18th Centuries can roughly be divided into two groups – the highlanders and lowlanders. The highlanders of northern Scotland were composed of the clans – powerful aristocratic landowners and their families and peasants such as the Macdonalds and Campbells, who practically ruled their respective territories from large houses and manors and who had great influence in the towns which they oversaw. They were the chief supporters of the Stuarts and had their own (although as we shall see it was later augmented) distinctive culture. The southerly lowlanders were much more like their English neighbours – living relatively freely in towns and cities and on the land with their own lords and earls and knowing little of the highland culture or politics. Prior to 1745 most of the highlanders viewed the Union with contempt, while the lowlanders had mixed feelings. "



C L A N S

      "The old Scottish clan society proved to be a stable, lasting and fair way of living. Each clan had a chief to whom the people owed allegiance and he in turn could call on them to fight in his private army when necessary. Often disputes would break out with neighbouring clans over clan boundaries or disputed chieftainships. The chief was chosen from the immediate family of the previous chief.

      Every child was given two names -a Christian name and a clan name. Each clan had it's own laws, beliefs and customs. Every clan lived in it's own district - the boundaries were usually mountains, lochs and seashores.

      Each clan had it's own tartan. The clans with brightly coloured tartans usually wore a darker one to go hunting. Each clan also had it's own crest badge and motto - a short phrase often shouted in battle when the clan charged. The badge of the head of the clan had three feathers on it, and sometimes a coronet. The head of a sept, or branch of a clan, wore two feathers, while the head of a household wore one feather.

      The chief controlled the land but leased it out to "tacksmen". They in turn rented the land to tenant farmers and they in turn employed farm labourers who were know as "cottars" to help with the day-to-day running of the farm. It was the chiefs' responsibility to ensure that all members of the clan had sufficient land to maintain him or her self. Under the clan system nobody owned the land. Everyone was free to farm and graze the land in order to survive. This equal and fair distribution of the land was honoured by all succeeding monarchs and clan chiefs.

      The Highlands had naturally developed and evolved its own culture, language, customs, sense of identity and unique character by those living in it."


[ http://www.highlandclearances.co.uk/cle ... eclans.htm
http://www.napoleon-series.org/research ... ntity.html]

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